Thursday, June 28, 2018

Xi'an, the City

The capital of the Shaanxi province in the central-northwest region of China, the city of Xi'an is home to 12 million people. The city of Xi'an is over 3,000 years old. For 1,000 of these years, it was the capital city under 13 dynasties. In fact, around 750 AD, Xi'an was the largest city in the world, with over 1 million inhabitants. Historical ruins, museums, and cultural relics abound. It is most famous for the 3rd century Terracotta Warriors, which were discovered in 1974 and are now considered an eighth wonder of the world.

xi'an's location in china
 Xi'an was the end of the Silk Road. Its well-preserved massive city wall is one of the most complete city walls in China and one of the largest ancient (194 BC) military defensive structures in the world.  Several pagodas, such as the 7-story Giant Wild Goose Pagoda (652 AD) and the Drum Tower are also well-known. The Muslim Street is well-known for its good eats. Embroidery and paper cutting are two crafts of the region.

Xian A high-speed bullet from Beijing takes about 4 1/2 hours. The temperatures are hot in the summer 80°F (32°C) and cold (around freezing) but dry in the winter. Snow may occasionally fall but only lasts for a brief period.  Annual rainfall is 21.8" (553mm).

Xi'an is also an important economic, scientific, and industrial city. Electronics, aerospace technology, high-tech products, autos, and bio-pharmaceuticals are produced here.

Qin Ling Mountains

There are some areas of natural scenic beauty such as the Qinling Mountains (home to the Qinling pandas). The Hua Shan (Flower Mountain) is one of China's most sacred mountains. Perched on top of it is the Xiyue Temple. Mount Taibai National Forest Park is a zoo of China and has nearly 1,700 types of insects and animals, set in a natural environment.

BBC has a good series on Xi'an.

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